ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Organic matter grown by the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy.


The entire assemblage of living organisms (both plant and animal), of a particular region considered collectively. As commonly used in biotechnology, refers to the use of cellulose, a renewable resource, for the production of chemicals that can be used to generate energy or as an alternative feedstocks for the chemical industry to reduce dependence of nonrenewable fossil fuels.


1. The cell mass produced by a population of living organisms.

2. The organic mass that can be used either as a source of energy or for its chemical components.

3. All the organic matter that derives from the photosynthetic conversion of solar energy.

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

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