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An organic compound based on the general formula Cx (H2O)y, performing many vital roles in living organisms. The simplest carbohydrates are the sugars (saccharides), including glucose and sucrose. Polysaccharides are carbohydrates of much greater molecular weight and complexity; examples are starch, which serves as energy store in plant seeds and tubers; cellulose and lignin that form the cell walls and woody tissue of plants of plants; glycogen, etc.
Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999
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