ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Firmware

A combination of hardware and software with the programming written directly into read-only memory (ROM).

Firmware

(IEEE) The combination of a hardware device; e.g., an IC; and computer instructions and data that reside as read only software on that device. Such software cannot be modified by the computer during processing.

Publication Source: FDA Glossary of Computerized System and Software Development Technology

See also: Embedded Software

Firmware

Software (firmly) embedded in hardware components.

Publication Source: GAMP® Good Practice Guide: Validation of Laboratory Computerized Systems

Publication Date: 2005

Firmware

Software (firmly) embedded in hardware components.

NOTE: Despite its name, current technology will often permit firmware to be updated post installation.

Publication Source: GAMP® Good Practice Guide: IT Infrastructure Control and Compliance

Publication Date: 2005

Firmware

(IEEE) The combination of a hardware device and computer instructions and data that reside as read-only software on that device.

Publication Source: GAMP® Good Practice Guide: A Risk-Based Approach to Testing of GxP Systems (Second Edition)

Publication Date: 2012

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