ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Plural of fungus. Low forms of plant life unable to form protein and carbohydrates (heterotrophs) that are widespread in nature. Fungal cells are larger than bacterial cells, and their typical internal structures, such as nucleus and vacuoles, can be seen easily with a light microscope. On the basis of their mode of sexual reproduction, fungi are grouped in four classes: Phycomycetes, Ascomycetes, Deuteromycetes (Fungi Imperfectii), and Basidiomycetes. Two major groups of fungi are the yeasts and molds.

See also: Mycelium

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