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A mixture of two proteins, gliadin and glutenin, occurring in the endosperm of wheat grain. Their amino acid composition varies, but glutamic acid (33%) and proline (12%) predominate. The composition of wheat glutens determines the strength of the flour and whether or not it is suitable for biscuit or bread making. Sensitivity of the lining of the intestine to gluten occurs in celiac disease, a condition that must be treated by a glutenfree diet.
Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999
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