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A hormone, secreted by the mammalian pituitary gland, that stimulates protein synthesis and growth of the long bones in the legs and arms. It also promotes the breakdown and use of fats as an energy source, rather than glucose. Production of growth hormone is greatest during early life. Its secretion is controlled by the opposing actions of two hormones from the hypothalamus: somatocrinin (growth-hormone-releasing hormone), which promotes its release; and somatostatin (growth hormone- inhibiting hormone), that inhibits the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland.
Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999
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