ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

Print this page         
Find Definition by Term and/or Language
Term Language (Optional)
Browse All Terms
Beginning With By Language
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z :: All English


(IEEE) The process of combining software components, hardware components or both into and overall system. Sometimes described as software integration and system integration respectively.

Publication Source: GAMP® Good Practice Guide: A Risk-Based Approach to Testing of GxP Systems (Second Edition)

Publication Date: 2012


The recombination process which inserts a small DNA molecule (usually by homologous recombination) into a larger one. If the molecules are circular, integration involves only a single crossing-over; if linear, then two crossings-over are required. A well known example is the integration of phage lambda DNA into the E. coli genome.

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

Do you have a term that should be included in the glossary?
Submit a term for review


  • Click to go to My Communities of Practice
  • Click to go to My Affiliate or Chapter
  • Click to go to My Profile
Click to go to the Member Gift