ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Integration

(IEEE) The process of combining software components, hardware components or both into and overall system. Sometimes described as software integration and system integration respectively.

Publication Source: GAMP® Good Practice Guide: A Risk-Based Approach to Testing of GxP Systems (Second Edition)

Publication Date: 2012

Integration

The recombination process which inserts a small DNA molecule (usually by homologous recombination) into a larger one. If the molecules are circular, integration involves only a single crossing-over; if linear, then two crossings-over are required. A well known example is the integration of phage lambda DNA into the E. coli genome.

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

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