ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Nickel

(Chemical symbol Ni) Element No. 28 of the periodic system; atomic weight 58.69. Silvery white, slightly magnetic metal, of medium hardness and high degree of ductility and malleability and resistance to chemical and atmospheric corrosion; melting point 2651 (degrees) F.; boiling point about 5250 (degrees) F., specific gravity 8.90. Used for electroplating. Used as an alloying agent, it is of great importance in iron-base alloys in stainless steels and in copper-base alloys such as Cupro-Nickel, as well as in nickel-base alloys such as Monel Metal. Its principal functions as an alloy in steel making:

(1) Strengthens unquenched or annealed steels.

(2) Toughens pearlitic-ferritic steels (especially at low temperature).

(3) Renders high-chromium iron alloys austenitic.

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