ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Nucleolus

An RNA-rich intranuclear organelle in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, produced by a nucleolar organizer. It represents the storage place for ribosomes and ribosome precursors. The nucleolus consists primarily of ribosomal precursor RNA, ribosomal RNA, their associated proteins, and some, perhaps all, of the enzymatic equipment (RNA polymerase, RNA methylase, RNA cleavage enzymes) required for synthesis, conversion and assembly of ribosomes. Subsequently the ribosomes are transported to the cytoplasm.

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

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