ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Thermophile

An organism which grows at a higher temperature than most other organisms. In general, a wide range of bacteria, fungi and simple plants and animals can grow at temperature up to 50°C; thermophiles are considered to be organisms which can grow at above 50°C. They can be classified according to their optimal growth temperature, into simple thermophiles (50- 65°C), thermophiles (65-85°C), and extreme thermophiles (>85°C). Thermophiles and extreme thermophiles are usually found growing in very hot places, such as hot springs and geysers, smoker vents on the sea floor, and domestic hot water pipes.

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

See also: Mesophile Psychrophile

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