Betsy Fritschel is Director of Quality & Compliance at Johnson & Johnson. She joined Johnson & Johnson in 1981 as an analytical chemist and has held positions of increasing responsibility in quality and API manufacturing since then. She holds a BS in chemistry and has extensive experience in API manufacturing. She is a member of the WHO Expert Advisory Panel on the International Pharmacopoeia and Pharmaceutical Preparations. She is the past chair of the PhRMA API Technical Group. She was a member of the Expert Working Group for the International Conference of Harmonization (ICH) Q7A Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Good Manufacturing Practices. She has published and lectured both in the US and internationally on GMPs for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients.