Markus Kiefer graduated from the Albert-Ludwig-University in Freiburg (DE) as a pharmacist and holds a Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Technology. After joining Sandoz Pharma AG in 1990 as laboratory head in Pharmaceutical R&D, Markus gained broad experience in different areas of formulation and process development including clinical manufacturing of drug products. He held leadership positions with increasing levels of responsibility; in 1997 he became Head of Clinical Manufacturing for Novartis Pharma and from 2000-2008 global head of Drug Supply Management. In 2008 Markus moved to Sandoz global Technical Operations and became responsible for global product allocation and transfers. Since beginning of 2013 he is leading the Manufacturing Science & Technology function for Sandoz.