Quite a few people from the Netherlands attended that congress and were caught by the ISPE-spirit and ambitions. After some time Maarten Muis, Reijer Blokland, Paul Kamstra and Simon Arnoldussen got together and decided to found ISPE-NL: "The Dutch Affiliate." Peter Smit, who also attended Brussels-1988 joined later and served as the Affiliates treasurer for many years.
Happily surprised by the high quality, the original and interesting content presented, a first spark of interest in the ISPE organisation and activities was ignited above the Dutch pharmaceutical landscape. It was the era in which Dutch Health Authorities started to pay special attention to validation & qualification and Dutch based pharmaceutical companies made plans for further developing the US market for their products. In addition, the first bio-pharmaceutical start-ups were established in The Netherlands.